It's History!
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Archives by Bruce T. Goldman
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Welcome to It's History! for yesterday, Friday, July 20, 2018.

Events for yesterday in history Birthdays  Deaths
0514 St Hormisdas elected as Pope succeeding Pope Sympowerus
1031 Henry I succeeds father Robert II as King of France
1495 French viceroy of Naples Montpensier surrenders
1498 Emperor Maximilian names Albrecht governor of Netherlands
1553 PM John Dudley captured in Cambridge
1608 Reynier van Oldenbarnevelt marries Anna Weytzen in Delft
1609 Emperor Rudolf II grants Silezische protestants freedom of religion
1619 Gerardus Vossius resigns as Dutch regent States college leader
1627 English fleet under George Villiers reaches La Rochelle [OS=June 10]
1654 Anglo-Portuguese treaty, Portugal comes under English control
1749 Earl of Chesterfield says "Idleness is only refuge of weak minds"
1773 Scottish settlers arrive at Pictou, Nova Scotia (Canada)
1801 Elisha Brown Jr pressed a 1,235 pound cheese ball at his farm
1808 Napoleon decrees all French Jews adopt family names
1810 Colombia declares independence from Spain
1836 Charles Darwin climbs Green Hill on Ascension
1847 German astronomer Theodor discovers Comet Brorsen-Metcalf
1849 Start of 1st Lancashire-Yorkshire clash at Hyde Park, Sheffield
1855 1st train from Rotterdam to Utrecht in Netherlands
1858 Fee 1st charged to see a baseball game (50›) (NY beats Bkln 22-18)
1858 Gathering of Plombières - Napoleon III meets Cavour
1861 Confederate state's congress began holding sessions in Richmond, Va
1862 Guerrilla campaign in GA (Porter's & Poindexter's) [->SEP 20] US580 CS2866
1864 Battle at Stephenson's Depot Virginia: 200 killed or injured
1864 Battle of Peachtree Creek-Atlanta Campaign
1866 Sea battle of Lissa-Austria vs Italy
1868 1st use of tax stamps on cigarettes
1871 British Columbia becomes 6th Canadian province
1872 Mahlon Loomis patents wireless radio
1876 1st US intercollegiate track meet held, Saratoga, NY; Princeton wins
1877 Military shoots on stopped railroad workers in Balt, kills 9
1878 1st telephone introduced in Hawaii
1881 Sioux Indian Chief Sitting Bull, surrenders to federal troops
1890 "Gibbons Stamp Monthly" begins publishing
1890 Snow & hail in Calais, ME
1894 2000 fed troops recalled from Chicago, having ended Pullman strike
1903 Giuseppe Sarto elected Pope Pius X
1906 Bkln Dodger Mal Eason no-hits St Louis Cards, 2-0
1910 Former Dutch premier Abraham Kuyper acquitted of corruption
1911 Boston Red Sox Smokey Joe Wood no-hits St Louis Browns, 5-0
1911 Generals Henry Wilson/Auguste Dubail sign plan for British Expeditionary army in case of war with Germany
1912 Phillies Sherry Magee steals home twice in 1 game
1913 Turkish troop take Adrianopel & Erdine from Bulgaria
1914 Armed resistance against British rule begins in Ulster
1916 Giants trade Christy Mathewson to Cin Reds
1917 Pact of Corfu signed: Serbs, Croats & Slovenes form Yugoslavia
1917 WW I draft lottery held; #258 is 1st drawn
1920 Heerenveen soccer team forms
1922 Togo made a mandate of League of Nations
1923 Yanks hit into a triple-play but beat A's 9-2
1924 Féderation Internationale des Echecs (FIDE) forms in Paris
1925 Beirut sultan Pasja al-Atrasj calls Druzen for holy war against France
1925 Italian-Serbian/Croatian/Slav treaty about Dalmatië
1927 Lindbergh begins NY flight (Spirit of St Louis)
1930 106°F (41°C), Washington, DC (district record)
1933 Vatican state secretary Pacelli (Pius XII) signs accord with Hitler
1934 118°F (48°C), Keokuk, Iowa (state record)
1935 1st broadcast of "Gang Busters" on NBC-radio
1938 Finland awarded 1940 Olympic games after Japan withdraws
1940 Germany occupiers forbid Dutch Communist Party (CPN) in Netherlands
1940 Nazi collaborator Rost of Tonningen appointed director of Marxist
1940 Billboard publishes its 1st singles record chart (#1 is "I'll Never Smile Again" by Tommy Dorsey)
1941 Yanks beat Tigers 12-6 in 17
1942 1st detachment of Women's Army Auxiliary Corps, begin basic training
1942 Barbados dismiss Trinidad for 16 in 69 minutes, Derek Sealy 8-8
1942 Legion of Merit Medal authorized by congress
1942 Time puts Russian composer Dmitri Shostakovitch on its cover
1942 Women's Army Auxiliary Corps began basic training at Fort Des Moines
1943 Joint Chiefs of Staff question adm Nimitz (landing Gilbert Island)
1944 Brit/Canadian troops occupy Hill 67/Ifs/Bras/Frenouville, Normandy
1944 British premier Winston Churchill flies to France to meet Montgomery
1944 Browns Nelson Potter is 1st pitcher suspended for throwing spitballs
1944 Canadian Cameroon Highlanders conquer St-André
1944 Death March of 1,200 Jews from Lipcani Moldavia begins
1944 Fieldmarshal von Kluge consults with German commandant at Caen
1944 Flying Fortresses of US 8th Air Force attack Leipzig/Dessau
1944 Gen Eisenhower visits Montgomery's headquarter in Normandy
1944 Heavy storm hampers British offensive at Caen
1944 Japanese aircraft carrier Hijo sinks by US air attack
1944 July 20th Plot-Failed assassination attempt on Hitler
1944 Liberators of US 8th Air Force attack Gotha Russelsheim/Eisenach
1944 Pres FDR nominated for an unprecedented 4th term at Dem convention
1944 US 15th Air Force attacks Friedrichshaven Memmingen
1944 US 9th AF bombs railroad at Chaulnes Sablé-sur-Sarthe/Dreux
1944 US invades Japanese-occupied Guam in WW II
1944 Violent battles in Verrières-hill (Normandy)
1947 1st political action of Neth Army on Java & Sumatra
1948 Lou Thesz beats Bill Longson, to become NWA wrestling champ
1948 Syngman Rhee elected president of South-Korea
1948 US Communist Party chairman William Forster arrested
1949 Israel's 19 month war of independence ends
1949 Vasil Kolarov elected premier of Bulgaria
1950 "Arthur Murray Party" premieres on ABC TV (later DuMont, CBS, NBC)
1952 Emile Zatopek runs Olympic Record 10K (29:17.0)
1952 Fausto Coppi wins Tour de France
1953 USSR/Israel recover diplomatic relations
1954 Armistice for Indo-China signed, Vietnam separates into North & South
1954 Tennis champ Maureen Connolly's right leg is crushed in an accident
1954 West German secret service head Otto John defects to German DR
1956 France recognizes Tunisia's independence
1956 Great Britain refuses to lend Egypt money to build Aswan Dam
1956 US performs atmospheric nuclear Test at Bikini Island
1956 Yankee pitcher Whitey Ford ties AL record of 6 straight strike-outs
1958 40th PGA Championship: Dow Finsterwald shoots a 276 at Llanerch CC PA
1958 Betty Jameson/Mary Lena Faulk wins Homestead 4-Ball Golf Tournament
1958 King Hussein of Jordan breaks off diplomatic relations with UAR
1960 1st submerged submarine to fire Polaris missile (George Washington)
1960 Sirima Bandaranaike becomes 1st female premier of Ceylon
1960 USSR recovered 2 dogs; 1st living organisms to return from space
1962 Dmitri Shostakovitch completes his 13th Symphony
1962 France & Tunisia recover diplomatic relations
1963 17 African states & Madagascar sign peace treaty with EC
1963 18th US Women's Open Golf Championship won by Mary Mills
1963 Verne Gagne beats Crusher Lisowski in Minneapolis, to become NWA champ
1964 1st surfin' record to go #1-Jan & Dean's "Surf City"
1964 Dmitri Shostakovitch completes his 10th String quartet
1965 18.18" (46.18 cm) of rainfall, Edgarton, Missouri (state 24-hr record)
1965 NY Yankee pitcher Mel Stottlemyre hits an inside-the-park grand slam
1967 Pablo Neruda receives 1st Viareggio-Versile prizes
1967 Race riots in Memphis Tenn
1968 Jane Asher breaks her engagement with Paul McCartney on live TV
1968 Iron Butterfly's "In-a-gadda-da-vida" becomes 1st heavy metal song to hit charts, it comes in at #117
1969 1st men on Moon, Neil Armstrong & Edwin Aldrin, Apollo 11
1969 Carol Mann wins LPGA Danbury Lady Carling Golf Open
1969 Eddy Merckx wins Tour de France
1970 Dodgers Bill Singer no-hits the Phillies 5-0, giving up no walks
1972 US performs nuclear Test at Nevada Test Site
1973 Jack Brisco beats Harley Race in Houston, to become NWA champ
1973 Chic's Wilbur Wood starts & loses both games of a doubleheader with NY Yankees, 12-2, & 7-0
1974 Heng Yo & Heng Ju, completes 1,000 mile (SF-Seattle) pilgrimage
1974 Turkey invades Cyprus
1975 30th US Women's Open Golf Championship won by Sandra Palmer
1976 Hank Aaron hits 755th & last home run off Angels Jerry Augustine
1976 Last US troops leave Thailand
1976 US Viking 1 lands on Mars at Chryse Planitia, 1st Martian landing
1977 Flash flood hits Johnstown, Pa, kills 80 & causing $350 mil damage
1979 44-kg Newfoundland dog pulls 2293-kg load, Bothell, Wash
1980 109th British Golf Open: Tom Watson shoots a 271 at Muirfield Gullane
1980 Joop Zoetemelk wins Tour de France
1980 Pat Bradley wins LPGA Greater Baltimore Golf Classic
1981 England set for innings loss v Aust, Botham hits 100 in 87 balls
1981 Irene Saez, of Venezuela, crowned 30th Miss Universe
1982 Bombs planted by Irish Republican Army explode in 2 London parks
1982 IRA bomb attacks in London
1982 T Macauly & D Vosburghs musical "Windy City," premieres in London
1983 France performs nuclear Test at Muruora Island
1984 Uwe Hohn of East Germany throws javelin a record 104.8 m
1984 Vanessa Williams is asked to resign as Miss America
1985 Divers find wreck of Spanish galleon Atocha
1986 Jane Geddes wins LPGA Boston Five Golf Classic
1987 Don Mattingly ties 1st base fielding record with 22 put-outs
1988 Michael Dukakis selected Democratic presidential nominee
1989 93°F, highest overnight low ever recorded in Phoenix Arizona
1989 Burma govt puts author Aung San Suu Kyi under house arrest
1990 Justice William Brennan resigns from Supreme Court after 36 years
1991 Kirk Cameron marries Growing Pains co-star Chelsea Noble in upstate NY
1991 Mike Tyson is accused of raping a Miss Black America contestant
1992 121st British Golf Open: Nick Faldo shoots a 272 at Muirfield Gullane
1992 Round World Air Race begins in Paris
1993 Fire in the press box at Altanta Fulton County Stadium
1993 Joe Petruzzi files for divorce from Annabella Sciorra (Jungle Fever)
1994 Major parts of Comet Shoemaker-Levy hit Jupiter (July 16th-22nd)
1994 OJ Simpson offers $500,000 reward for evidence of ex-wife's klller
1996 26th Olympic games open at Atlanta, Georgia (sched)
1997 126th British Golf Open: Billy Ray Brown shoots a 271 at Royal Troon
1997 American Justin Leonard wins the British Open shooting at 272
1997 Burnet Senior Golf Classic
1997 Michele Redman wins LPGA JAL Big Apple Classic
Birthdays for yesterday in history Events  Deaths
1304Francesco Petrarch, Italy, poet (Italia Mia)
1513Gaspar Schetz, Dutch treasurer-general
1519Innocent IX, [Giovanni A Facchinetti], 230th Catholic pope (1591)
1600Simon Ives, composer
1663Pierre Drevet, French engraver
1709James Harris, philosopher
1720Ignaz Vitzthumb, composer
1726William Jones, composer
1744Henri Hamal, composer
1761Joseph Lefebvre, composer
1762Jakob Haibel, composer
1766Thomas Bruce, earl of Elgin & Kincardine, British diplomat
1779Ignaz Schuster, composer
1785Mahmud II, sultan of Turkey (1808-39)/Westernizer/reformer
1793Aleksander Fredro, Polish comedy writer (Pan Jowiolski)
1796Edward Hodges, composer
1803Jakob Zeugheer, composer
1803Thomas Lovell Beddoes, English poet
1804Richard Owen, British zoologist
1806John Sterling, writer (Representative Victorian)
1811James Bruce, earl of Elgin & Kincardine, governor (Jamaica)
1814Ivan S Gagarin, Russian theologist
1816William Bowman, English anatomist
1819Paul Henrion, composer
1824Alexander Schimmelfennig, Prussia, Brig General (Union volunteers)
1836Thomas C Allbutt, English physiologist (Diseases of the Heart)
1837Hans Sommer, composer
1847Max Liebermann, German impressionist painter
1852Theodorus Heemskerk Jzn, lawyer/Dutch premier (AR, 1908-13) [or 1/20]=
1853Geo[rge] Poggenbeek, Dutch water colors painter
1860Johannes Walter, German geologist (Denudation of the Wilderness)
1864Erik Karlfeldt, Sweden, poet (Nobel 1918-refused; 1931-posthumous)
1870Vladimir D Nabokov, Russian jurist/minister of Justice (1918-19)
1872Alick Maclean, composer
1872Deodat de Severac, composer
1873Witold Maliszewski, composer
1880Hermann earl Keyserling, German philosopher/writer
1881Leon de Smet, Flemish painter
1885Gustave Charlier, Belgian literature historian/critic
1887Willem H Drucker, Dutch lawyer
1889John Charles Reith, 1st Baron Reith, 1st dir-gen BBC (1927-38)
1890Theda Bara, [Theodosia Goodman], Cincinnati, actress (Love Goddeses)
1890Verna Felton, Salinas Calif, actress (Hilda-December Bride)
1893Alexander, king of Greece (1917-20)
1893Richard Billinger, Austria poet/writer (From Where I Came)
1897Tadeusz Reichstein, Swiss chemist (Nobel 1950)
1900Gottfried von Haberler, Austrian economist
1900Maurice Gilliams, Flemish writer/poet/essayist (Maria's Life)
1900Maurice Leyland, prolific cricket left-handed batsman (England)
1901Vehbi Koc, indistrialist/philanthropist
1902Cesare Zavattini, Italian screenwriter (Bicycle Thiefs)
1902Dilys Powell, English writer (Descent from Parnassus)
1903Jef van de Wiele, Belgian politician
1905Molly Mary Nesta Keane, writer
1908Gunnar de Frumerie, composer
1909Eric Rowan, S African cricketer (prolific batsman pre- & post-WWII)
1910Cicely Veronica Wedgwood, British historian (William the Silent)
1911Baqa Jilani, Indian cricket fast bowler (Test 1936)
1911William Dillard, trumpeter/singer
1912Andrew Long, Scottish author (Blue Book of Fairy Tales)
1912Frederick Ferrari, crazy Gang Member
1912John Dacie, hematologist
1912Thijmen Kuijt, resistance fighter/co-found newspaper (The Typhoon)
1913Lucien Goldmann, Romania/Fren sociologist/philosopher (Le dieu caché)
1914William John Phillips, actor (Nothing but a Man)
1919Edmund Hillary, NZ, one of 1st 2 men to scale Mt Everest
1920Elliot L Richardson, Attorney General (1973)/Sec of Defense (1973)
1920Jack Harman, British general
1920Jeffrey Petersen, British diplomat
1920Lev Aronin, USSR, International Chess Grandmaster (1950)
1921Frederick Schroeder Jr, tennis champ (US Open-1942)
1922Miroslav "Standa" Bares, Czech/Dutch actor/director (Billy Budd)
1924Hans Lodeizen, [Johannes A Frederik], Dutch poet (Inner Self)
1924Lola Albright, Akron Ohio, actress (Delta Country, Kid Galahad)
1924Thomas Berger, US, novelist (Vital Parts, Little Big Man)
1925Jacques Delors, French economist/chairman European Committee (1985-95)
1927Anthony Cavendish, British MI 6 agent/banker
1927Michael Gielen, Austrian conductor/composer
1928Jan Meyers, (Rep-R-Kansas, 1985- )
1928Pavel Kohout, writer
1928Peter Ind, jazz musician
1930Arthur U Spronken, sculptor
1930Sally Ann Howes, London England, actress (Dead of Night)
1930Yuri Petrovich Artyukin, USSR, cosmonaut (Soyuz 14)
1932Nam June Paik, Seoul Korea, video artist (Medium is the Medium)
1933Aliki Vouyouklaki, actress (Madalena)
1933Jose Vicente Asuar, composer
1933Nelson Doubleday, publisher (Doubleday)/owner (NY Mets)
1934Doug Padgett, cricketer (England batsman twice in 1960)
1934Ralph C RInzler, folklorist (Greenbriar Boys)
1934Uwe Johnson, writer
1935Lord Peter Palumbo, English real estate developer/multi-millionaire
1935Ted Rogers, Kennington London, comedian (Aladdin, Cinderella)
1936Barbara A Mikulski, (Rep-D-MD, 1977-86/Sen-D-MD, 1986- )
1936Butch Baird, Chicago IL, PGA golfer (1961 Waco Turner Open)
1936Kaleria Fadicheva, ballerina
1938Diana Rigg, Doncaster England, actress (Emma Peel-Avengers, Hospital)
1938Jo Ann Campbell, Jacksonville Fla, Lawrence Welk's champagne lady
1938Lord McGowan
1938Natalie Wood, [Natasha Gurdin], SF, (Gypsy, Rebel Without a Cause)
1939Judy Chicago, [Cohen], Chicago, artist (Dinner Party)
1940Tony Oliva, ball player, batting champ (AL Rookie of Year 1964)
1941Vladimir Afanasiyevich Lyakhov, cosmonaut (Soyuz 32/34, T-9, TM-6)
1942T G Sheppard, [William Browder], Humbolt Tn, singer (Devil in Bottle)
1943Chris Amon, Grand Prix racer
1943John Lodge, Birmingham, bassist (Moody Blues-Nights in White Satin)
1944Wim Van Drimmelen, Dutch sect Science Council of Government policy
1945Betty Burfeindt, LPGA golfer
1945John Lodge, rocker
1945Larry E Craig, (Rep-R-Idaho, 1981- )
1945Viscount Petersham, English large landowner
1946Kim Carnes, Pasadena Ca, rock vocalist (Bette Davis Eyes)
1947Carlos Santana, Mexico, rock guitarist (Santana-Black Magic Woman)
1947Gerd Binnig, Frankfurt, physicist (tunneling microscope-Nobel 1986)
1947James Harris, Monroe La, NFL quarterback (Buffalo, LA, San Diego)
1948Mary Dwyer, LPGA golfer
1948Richard H Lehman, (Rep-D-CA, 1983- )
1951Larry Black, Miami Fla, 4x100 runner (Olympic-gold-1972)
1954Jay Jay French, NYC, guitarist (Twisted Sister-Not Gonna Take It)
1955Michael Anthony, rocker (Van Halen)
1956Charlie Magri, world champ flyweight boxer (1983)
1956Mima Jausovec, Yugoslavia, tennis player (French Open-1977)
1956Paul Cook, London, rock drummer (Sex Pistols)
1957Donna Dixon, Va, Mrs Dan Ackwoyd/actress (Couch Trip, Bossom Buddies)
1957Larry Rinker, Stuart FL, Nike golfer (1985 Bing Crosby Pro-Am-2nd)
1957Merlina Defranco, rocker (Defranco Family)
1958Michael McNeill, synthesizer (Simple Minds-Don't You Forget About Me)
1958Mike McNeil, rocker
1959Radney Foster, Del Rio Tx, singer (Foster & Lloyd-Crazy Over You)
1960Katie Rabbet, London England, Prince Andrew's former girlfriend
1960Lauren Gregg, Rochester Minn, US women's soccer coach (Olympics-96)
1963Jenny Spangler, Monroe Wisc, marathoner (Olympics-96)
1963Paula Ivan, Romanian runner (world record mile)
1964Murray Craven, Medicine Hat, NHL left wing (Chicago Blackhawks)
1965Stone Gossard, musician with Pearl Jam
1966Beth Coats, Albuquerque NM, biathelete (Olympics-1994)
1966Carlo L'Ami, soccer player (SC Heerenveen)
1966Mike Pero, Picton Ont, Canadian Tour golfer (1990 CPGA Winter)
1966Tracey Mcfarlane, US breaststroke swimmer (US record 100m)
1967Akihito Sugisawa, hockey forward (Team Japan 1998)
1967Ian Beckles, NFL guard (Tampa Bay Bucs)
1967Jon Normile, Cleve Oh, fencer (Olympics-96)
1968Chris Kennedy, actor (Bill & Ted's Excellent Adventure)
1968Chris Tsangaris, CFL linebacker (BC Lions)
1968Robert Rodriguez, director (El Mariachi, Desperado)
1970?, 1st baby born on Alcatraz Island
1970Dean Wells, NFL linebacker (Seattle Seahawks)
1970Shannon Baker, CFL receiver (Saskatchewan Roughriders)
1970Tom Sherrer, Syracuse NY, Nike golfer (1994 NIKE Cleveland Open-2nd)
1971Bernard Whittington, NFL defensive end (Indianapolis Colts)
1971Charles Johnson, Fort Pierce Fla, catcher (US Olympics 1992, Marlins)
1971Ed Giddins, cricketer (promising Sussex pace bowler, England A 1995)
1971Ron Stone, NFLer (Dallas Cowboys)
1971Tom Tovo, WLAF defensive tackle (London Monarchs)
1971William Deering Jr, South Bend Indiana, pole vaulter
1972Jay Barker, NFL quarterback (NE Patriots)
1972Jozef Stumpel, NHL forward (Team Kazakhstan 1998, LA Kings)
1973Peter Forsberg, Ornskoldsvik Swe, NHL center (Colorado Avalanche)
1974Kevin Meadows, gay rights activist
1975Ray Allen, NBA guard (Milwaukee Bucks)
1977Julia Syriani, Miss Universe-Lebanon (1996)
1977Shany Kedmy, Israel, Women's 470 yachter (Oly-14th-1996)
1978Charlie Korsmo, actor (Dick Tracy, What About Bob)
1978Denny Mendez, Miss Italy Universe (1997)
1978Jen Grubb, Elk Hart Indiana, soccer defender (Olympics-96)
1991Scout Larue Willis, daughter of Bruce Willis & Demi Moore
Deaths for yesterday in history Events  Birthdays
0833Ansegis/Ansegius, French abbot of Fontenelle/author, dies at about 63
1031Robert II de Vrome, King of France (996-1031), dies
1201Agnes of France, queen of France, dies [or 7/18]
1322Frederik II van Sierck, bishop of Utrecht (1317-22), dies
1454Johan II, King of Castilië, dies at 49
1573Lancelot of Brederode, water beggar, beheaded
1597Franciscus Raphelengius [French of Ravelingen], Neth publisher, dies
1607Paulus Merula, Dutch lawyer/historian (Historia Belgica), dies at 48
1609Federico Zuccari, Italian Mannerist painter, dies at about 69
1613Heinrich Julius, [von Braunschweig-Wolfenbttel], duke, dies
1636John Oldham, trader in Mass, murdered by indians
1732Francesco Bartolomeo Conti, composer, dies at 51
1752John C Pepusch, English composer (Beggar's Opera), dies at about 85
1762Christoph Nichelsmann, German klavecinist/composer, dies
1766Isabelle Farnese, queen of Spain, dies
1808François-Hippolyte Barthelemon, composer, dies at 66
1819John Playfair, Scottish geologist/mathematician, dies
1824Joan M Kemper, lawyer (layed-out Civil Code), dies
1825Joseph-Denis Doche, composer, dies at 58
1859Hans E Schack, Danish politician/writer (Fantasy), dies
1866Faa di Bruno, Italian captain (Er d'italia, Lissa), commits suicide
1866G F Berhard Riemann, German mathematician (zeta-function), dies
1868Jan Bedrich Kittl, composer, dies at 62
1868Antoine Prumier, composer, dies at 75
1881Thomas Fermor-Hesketh, English 1st baron of Hesketh, dies
1888Henri Braekeleer, Flemish painter, dies
1893Tom Kelly, cricketer (two Tests for Australia 1977-79, 64 runs), dies
1898Yuri Arnold, composer, dies at 86
1903Leo XIII, [Vincenzo G Pecci], Pope (1878-1903), dies at 93
1908Federico Chueca, composer, dies at 62
1914Leo van Gheluwe, composer, dies at 76
1923Pancho Villa, [Doroteo Arango], Mexican rebel, murdered at 55
1927Ferdinand I VAM, King of Romania, dies at 61
1936José Sanjurjo y Sacanell, Spanish general/high director, dies
1936Arthur Battelle Whiting, composer, dies at 75
1937Guglielmo Marconi, Ital engineer/marquis (radio, Nobel 1909), dies
1939Joseph Mendes da Costa, sculptor, dies
1940Y G Van de Peat, Dutch director of employment, commits suicide
1942Patric Cobb, British sea officer, dies in battle
1944Mertz, German colonel (July 20th plotter), executed
1944Pierre Viénot, French ambassador to London/writer, dies
1944Rudolf Schmundt, gen/Hitler's Army adjunct, dies from wounds
1944Werner von Haeffen, German lieutenant (July 20th plotter), executed
1944Ludwig Beck, gen/chief Germany general staff (July 20th plot), dies
1944Korten, chef gen of Germany Luftwaffe, dies in bomb explosion
1944Heinz Burns, German (Olympic-gold-1936), dies in bombing
1944Friedrich Olbricht, German general (July 20th plotter), executed
1944Claus Schenk von Stauffenberg, count/German antifascist colonel, dies
1944Brandt, col/German staff chief, dies in bombing
1944Arthur J Treadwell, English mayor of Stoke Newington, dies at about 71
1945Paul Valéry, French poet (Le cimetière Marin, Mon Faust), dies at 73
1945Arthur Seccull, S Africa cricketer (Test v England 1896), dies
1951Abdullah Ibn Hussein, Jordan's King (1946-51), killed in Jerusalem
1951Mustafa Shuqri Ashu, tailor/murderer of king Abdullah, shot to death
1954Blair Moody, (Sen-Mich), dies at 52
1956Ken Burn, cricketer (Tasmanian rep on 1890 Ashes tour, 2 Tests), dies
1957Phil Hanna, singer (Once Upon a Tune), dies at 46
1958Franklin Pangborn, dies at 69
1959Harry Fox II, dies at 77
1962André Renard, Belgium worker's union leader (MSU), dies at 51
1962George MacAulay Trevelyan, English royal historian, dies at 86
1966Julien Carette, dies of burns at 68
1968Joseph Keilberth, German conductor (Bayreuther Festival), dies
1969Roy Hamilton, rocker, dies at 40
1973Bruce Lee, [Lee Yuen Kam], actor (Enter the Dragon), dies at 32
1974Allen Jenkins, actor (Fugitive from a Chain Gang), dies at 74
1976Tom Lowry, cricketer (early New Zealand Test captain), dies
1977Carter De Haven, actor (Courage, Great Dictator), dies at 90
1977F G Jnger, writer, dies
1983Frank Reynolds, news anchor (ABC Evening News), dies at 59
1984Gail Kubik, US composer (Gerald McBoing Boing), dies at 69
1984Jim [James] Fixx, jogger/writer (Jim Fixx on Running), dies at 52
1986Helen Craig, actress (Rich Man Poor Man), dies at 74
1987Richard Egan, actor (Big Cube, Amsterdam Kill), dies at 63
1989Marie-Madeleine Fourcade, commander (French resistance), dies
1989Mary Treen, actress (Career, Rock-a-bye Baby), dies at 71
1990Sara Heyblom, Dutch actress (Obsessions, Pygmalion), dies
1991Henri Marius Rellys, dies at 86
1993Donald Alexander, System director/producer (East Valley), dies at 79
1994Kim II Sung, pres of North-Korea (1948-94), buried
1994Paul Delvaux, Belgian surrealistisch painter, dies at 96
1994Reginald Hall, endocrinologist, dies at 83
1995Helmut Erich Robert Gernsheim, photographer/collector, dies at 82
1995Natalia Dmitrevna Shpiller, singer, dies at 85
1996Colin Campbell Mitchell, soldier, dies at 70
1996Peter Malcolm Gordon Raleigh, journalist, dies at 77
1997Linda Stirling, college prof/B movie actress (Pretender), dies at 75

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Original script written & produced by RGA
Archives by Bruce T. Goldman