It's History!
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Archives by Bruce T. Goldman
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Welcome to It's History! for yesterday, Tuesday, March 20, 2018.

Events for yesterday in history Birthdays  Deaths
0141 6th recorded perihelion passage of Halley's Comet
1345 Saturn/Jupiter/Mars-conjunction: thought "cause of plague epidemic"
1525 Paris' parliament begins pursuit of Protestants
1569 Duke van Alva leads "tenth penning" in Ponts the Cé
1598 French king Henri IV & duke van Mercour sign treaty
1602 United Dutch East Indian Company (VOC) forms
1616 Walter Raleigh released from Tower of London to seek gold in Guyana
1627 France & Spain signs accord for fighting protestantism
1697 Willem de Vlamingh returns to Batavia after exploring "South Land"
1760 Great Fire of Boston destroys 349 buildings
1800 French army defeats Turks at Helipolis Turkey, & advance to Cairo
1814 Prince Willem Frederik becomes monarch of Netherlands
1815 Napoleon enters Paris after escape from Elba, begins 100-day rule
1816 US Supreme Court affirms its right to review state court decisions
1833 US & Siam sign commercial treaty
1848 King Louis I of Bayern abdicates to marry dancer Lola Montez
1852 Harriet Beecher Stowe's "Uncle Tom's Cabin" published (Boston)
1863 Battle of Pensacola FL -evacuated by Federals
1865 2nd day of Battle of Bentonville NC
1865 Michigan authorizes workers' cooperatives
1868 Jesse James Gang robs bank in Russelville Kentucky of $14,000
1883 Unity treaty of Paris signed: protects industrial property
1885 John Matzeliger of Suriname patents shoe lacing machine
1885 Yiddish theater opens in NY with Golldfaden operetta
1886 1st AC power plant in US begins commercial operation, Mass
1888 Start of the Sherlock Holmes Adventure, "A Scandal in Bohemia"
1890 General Federation of Womans' Clubs founded
1890 German emperor Wilhelm II fires republic chancellor Otto Von Bismarck
1896 Marines land in Nicaragua to protect US citizens
1896 Uprising in Matabeleland
1897 1st US orthodox Jewish Rabbinical seminary (RIETS) incorporates in NY
1897 1st known intercollegiate basketball game, Yale beats Penn 32-10
1897 France signs treaty with emperor Menelik II of Abyssinia
1906 George B Shaws "Captain Brassbound's Conversion," premieres in London
1911 National Squash Tennis Association forms (NYC)
1911 Winter Garden Theater opens at 1634 Broadway NYC
1914 1st international figure-skating tournament held in US, New Haven
1916 Allies attack Zeebrugge Belgium
1920 1st flight from London to South Africa lands (1« months)
1920 US Ladies Figure Skating championship won by Theresa Weld
1920 US Mens Figure Skating championship won by Sherwin Badger
1922 USS Langley is commissioned, Navy's 1st aircraft Carrier
1922 WIP-AM in Philadelphia PA begins radio transmissions
1923 Bavarian minister of Interior refuses to forbid Nazi SA
1923 Belgian Senate rejects Dutch University in Ghent
1924 Finnair begins scheduled flight of Helsinki-Tallinn
1924 Stanley Cup: Mont Canadiens (NHL) sweep Vanc Millionaires (PCHA) in 2
1930 Clessie Cummins sets diesel engine speed record of 129.39 kph
1931 Bishop Schreiber warns against national-socialism in Berlin
1932 Kara-Kalpak Autonomous Region in RSFSR becomes Kara-Kalpak ASSR
1933 Dachau, 1st concentration camp, completed
1934 Rudolf Kuhnold demonstrates radar in Kiel Germany
1934 Test of practical radar apparatus made by Rudolf Kuhnold in Germany
1934 Female Babe Didrickson pitches hitless inning for Phila A's in exhibition game against Brooklyn Dodgers
1935 "Your Hit Parade" made its debut on radio
1937 Franco-offensive at Guadalajara Spain
1939 7,000 Jews flee German occupied Memel Lithuania
1940 Paul Reynoud becomes French premier
1941 Nazi-German/Yugoslav pact drawn
1942 Convoy PQ13 departs Reykjavik Iceland to Russia
1942 Gen MacArthur vows, "I shall return"
1942 Major German assault on Malta
1943 British offensive against Mareth-line
1943 German U-384 bombed & sinks
1944 Bus falls off bridge into Passaic River NJ, killing 16
1944 Mount Vesuvius, Italy explodes
1945 US 70th Infantry division/7th Armour division attack Saar
1946 Belgian govt of Spaak, resigns
1947 180-metric ton blue whale (record) caught in South Atlantic
1948 1st live televised musical Eugene Ormandy on CBS followed in 90
1948 20th Academy Awards - "Gentleman's Agreement," L Young, R Colman win minutes by 2nd live televised musical Arturo Toscvanni on NBC
1951 Indonesian army offensive against Darul Islam on Java
1952 24th Academy Awards - "American in Paris," H Bogart & Vivian Leigh win
1952 Final ratification of peace treaty restoring sovereignty to Japan
1952 US senate ratifies peace treaty with Japan
1953 Senator Edwin C Johnson offers a bill to give clubs the sole
1954 "King & I" closes at St James Theater NYC after 1246 performances
1954 16th NCAA Men's Basketball Championship: La Salle beats Bradley 92-76
1954 1st newspaper vending machine used (Columbia Pennsylvania)
1955 KXTV TV channel 10 in Sacramento, CA (CBS) begins broadcasting
1956 156-day strike against Westinghouse ends
1956 E Ochab succeeds Beirut as 1st secretary of Polish CP
1956 Mount Bezymianny on Kamchatka Peninsula (USSR) explodes
1956 Tunisia gains independence from France
1956 USSR performs nuclear test
1956 Union workers ended a 156-day strike at Westinghouse Electric Corp
1957 Britain accepts NATO offer to mediate in Cyprus, but Greece rejects it
1958 50" snow across the Mason-Dixon line
1958 Clandestine Burasi Bizim Radio (communist) begins transmitting
1958 Greek Clandestine Radio (communist), Voice of Truth 1st transmission
1962 Sjoukje Dijkstra becomes world champion figure skater
1963 1st "Pop Art" exhibition (NYC)
1963 Sikkim crown prince Paldan Thondup Namgyal marries Hope Cooke
1964 ESRO established, European Space Research Organization
1965 27th NCAA Men's Basketball Championship: UCLA beats Michigan 91-80
1965 Venkataraghavan takes 8-72 v NZ at Delhi
1966 Marilynn Smith wins LPGA St Petersburg Women's Golf Open
1967 Supremes release "The Happening"
1967 WOET (now WPTD) TV channel 16 in Dayton, OH (PBS) begins broadcasting
1968 LBJ signs a bill removing gold backing from US paper money
1968 Military intervene in South-Yemen (leftist ministers resign)
1969 Abebe Bikila's auto-accident, near Addis Ababa
1969 Beatle John Lennon marries Yoko Ono in Gibraltar
1969 US president Nixon proclaims he will end Vietnam war in 1970
1971 Boston Bruins win 13th straight NHL game
1972 19 mountain climbers killed on Japan's Mount Fuji during an avalanche
1972 S Mansholt succeeds Malfatti as chairman of European Committee
1973 Roberto Clemente elected to Hall of Fame, 11 weeks after his death
1976 Jevgeni Kulikov skates world record 1000m (1:15.70)
1976 Patricia Hearst convicted of armed robbery
1977 Communists/socialists win French municipal elections
1977 Parisians elect former PM Jacques Chirac as 1st mayor in a century
1977 Premier Indira Gandhi loses election in India
1978 Flyers' Rick MacLeash scores on 6th penalty shot against Islanders
1979 Columbia flies on Shuttle carrier aircraft to Kennedy Space Center
1980 The Mi Amigo ship containing England's pirate Radio Caroline sinks
1980 US appeals to International Court on hostages in Iran
1981 Argentine ex-president Isabel Perón sentenced to 8 years
1981 Jean Harris sentenced 15-to-life for slaying of Scarsdale Diet Dr
1982 1st-class debut of Richie Richardson, Leeward Is v Barbados
1982 France performs nuclear test
1982 Joan Jett & Blackhearts' "I Love Rock 'n' Roll" goes #1 for 7 wks
1982 Rev A Treurnicht forms Conservative Party of South Africa
1983 Kathy Whitworth wins LPGA Women's Kemper Golf Open
1984 Andy Kaufman & Fred Blassie's "My Breakfast With Blassie" premieres
1984 Senate rejects amendment to permit spoken prayer in public schools
1985 Libby Riddles is 1st woman to win Iditarod Trail Dog Sled Race
1986 228 KPH gust of wind strikes Cairngorm (UK record)
1986 Jacques Chirac forms French government
1987 FDA approves sale of AZT (AIDS treatment)
1987 NASA launches Palapa B2P
1987 Soap opera "Capitol" final episode
1987 Soviet filmmakers arrive in Hollywood for an entertainment summit
1987 Yvonne van Gennip skates ladies world record 5 km (7:20.36)
1988 David Henry Hwang's "M. Butterfly," premieres in NYC
1988 Laura Davies wins Circle K LPGA Tucson Golf Open
1988 Mike Tyson KOs Tony Tubbs in 2 for heavyweight boxing title
1989 Baseball announces Reds manager Pete Rose is under investigation
1989 Richard J Kerr replaces Robert M Gates as deputy director of CIA
1990 LA Lakers retires Kareem Abdul-Jabbar's #33
1990 Singer Gloria Estefan breaks her collarbone in a bus accident
1991 Court awards Peggy Lee $3 million in suit against Disney
1991 Michael Jackson signs $65M 6 album deal with Sony records
1991 Supreme Court rules unanimously employers can't exclude women from jobs where exposure to toxic chemicals could potentially damage fetus
1991 US forgives $2 billion in loans to Poland
1992 Janice Pennington is awarded $1.3M for accident on Price is Right set
1992 Noriega's wife Felicidad arrested for stealing buttons from dresses
1993 Dan Jansen skates world record 500m (36.02 sec)
1993 IRA-bomb kills 3 year old in Warrington England
1993 Morton Downey Jr weds Lori Krebs
1994 "Cyrano - The Musical" closes at Neil Simon NYC after 137 perfs
1994 "Flowering Peach" opens at Lyceum Theater NYC for 41 performances
1994 "No Man's Land" closes at Criterion Theater NYC after 61 performances
1994 14th Golden Raspberry Awards: Indecent Proposal wins
1994 Brett Hart wins WWF championship at Wrestlemania X
1994 El Salvador's 1st pres election following 12-year-old civil war
1994 Laura Davies wins LPGA Standard Register Ping Golf Tournament
1994 Mashonaland U-24 beat Matabeleland on 1st inn to win Logan Cup
1994 Wrestlemania X at MSG NY, Bret Hart pins Yokozuna
1994 Zulu-king Goodwill Zwelithini founds realm in South Africa
1995 Dow-Jones hits 4083.68 (record)
1995 Poison Gas released in Tokyo subway 12 killed, 4,700 injured
1995 Beatles song, "Baby It's You," with late John Lennon as lead singer, is released, 1st Fab Four single in more than 30 years
1996 "Love Thy Neighbor," opens at Booth Theater NYC
1996 Erik & Lyle Menendez found guilty of killing their parents
1996 UK admits humans can catch CJD (Mad Cow Disease)
1997 "Play On!," opens at Brooks Atkinson Theater NYC for 61 performances
1997 Liggett admits cigarettes are addictive
1997 Mens Figure Skating Championship in Lausanne won by Elvis Stojko (CAN)
2003 United States, Britain, Australia and Poland invade Iraq without United Nations sanction

Birthdays for yesterday in history Events  Deaths
1634Balthasar Bekker, Frisian theologist (Examiner of Comets)
1680Baron Emanuele d' Astorga, Italian composer (Stabat mater)
1725Abdl-Hamid I, 27th sultan of Turkey (1774-89)
1728Franciscus L Kersteman, Dutch lawyer/astrologist
1739Eligio Celestino, composer
1750Martinus van Marum, Dutch chemist/physicist (Homo Diluvii Testus)
1770Johann Friedrich Hölderlin, Tbingen Germany, poet (Der Rhein)
1774John Braham, composer
1804Neal Dow, Brig General (Union volunteers), died in 1897
1811George Caleb Bingham, US, politician/painter (Country Election)
1811Napoleon FKJ Bonaparte II, Napoleon's son/King of Rome
1812George Bibb Crittenden, Major General (Confederate Army), died in 1880
1813Matthias Keller, Ulm Germany, hymm writer (O Farther un High)
1820Alexander J Cuza, monarch of Moldavia/Wallachia/Romania
1823John Echols, Brig General (Confederate Army), died in 1896
1825William Nelson Rector Beall, Brig General (Confederate Army)
1826Carel Vosmaer, Dutch art historian/poet/editor
1828Henrik Ibsen, Norway, playwright (Peer Gynt, Hedda Gabler)
1829Charles Albert White, composer
1830Eugene Asa Carr, Bvt Major General (Union Army), died in 1910
1833Henry Southwick Perkins, composer
1834Charles William Elliot, Boston, Pres of Harvard (1869-1909)
1846Auguste Bender, writer
1853George Godfrey, Chelsea Mass, heavyweight boxer (Old Chocolate)
1856Frederick Winslow Taylor, father of scientific management
1863Ernesto Nazareth, composer
1868Obe Postma, Frisian poet/geography/historian (Frisian Clay Farm)
1870Paul von Lettow-Vorbeck, Prussian general/politician (East Africa)
1872Bernhard Seklas, composer
1872Karin Michaelis, writer
1873Sergei V Rachmaninov, Russian/US pianist/composer (Aleko) [NS=Apr 1]
1882René Coty, Le Harve France, president of France (1953-58)
1883Colin Campbell, Falkirk Scot, actress (High Bright Sun, Leather Boys)
1883Karl Hasse, composer
1885Eugen Herrigel, Germany, philosopher/early pioneer of Zen in Europe
1885Hendrik A de Fish, [Henri Pauwels], Flemish philological/sociologist
1888S V Vegesack, writer
1890Lauritz Melchior, Copenhagen Denmark, baritone tenor (Natl Symphony)
1896Hal Walker, Ottumwa Ia, director (I Married Joan)
1902Edgar Buchanan, Humansville Mo, actor (Uncle Joe-Petticoat Junction)
1902Kathryn Forbes, short story writer (mama's bank account)
1903Vincent Richards, hall of fame tennis pro (elected 1961)
1904B[urrhus] F[rederic] Skinner, Pa, Behaviorism pioneer (Skinner box)
1906Abraham Beame, (Mayor-D-NYC), NYC's 1st Jewish mayor
1906Ozzie Nelson, Jersey City NJ, actor (Adventures of Ozzie & Harriet)
1906Pavel P Parenago, Russian astronomer
1908Frank Stanton, Muskegon Mich, broadcasting executive (CBS)
1908Michael Redgrave, Bristol Eng, actor (Browning Version, Lady Vanishes)
1908Philip "Felix" Bekkers, actor (Czardasvorstin)
1911Mieke Verstraete, Belgian/Dutch actress (Pleasantly Settled)
1913Judith Evelyn, Seneca SD, actress (13th Letter, Tingler, Rear Window)
1914Sviatosiav Richter, Zhitomir Ukraine, pianist (Stalin Prize-1945)
1914Wendell Corey, Dracut Mass, actor (11th Hour, Peck's Bad Girl)
1914William Baddeley, rector (St Jame's Piccadilly)
1915Rudolf Kirchschläger, president of Austria (1974-86)
1915Svyatoslav Richter, pianist
1916Pierre Messmer, PM (France)
1917Dolf Verspoor, literary/interpreter (M Nijhoff Prize 1958)
1917Kalervo H Hortamo, Finnish poet (Sydänmaa)
1917Peter Caddy, founder (Findhorn Community)
1917Vera Lynn, singer (Anniversary Waltz)
1918Bernd-Alois Zimmermann, German composer (Soldiers)
1918Jack Barry, Lindenhurst NY, game show emcee (Joker's Wild)
1920Douglas G Chapman, biomathematical statistician
1920Marian McPartland, jazz pianist (Bill Mayer, Jimmy McPartland)
1920Werner Klemperer, Cologne Germany, actor (Col Klink-Hogan's Heroes)
1921Amadou-Mahtar M'Bow, Senegal, director general (UNESCO)
1921Primoz Ramovs, composer
1922Arnold Burgen, college president (Academia Europaea)
1922Carl Reiner, Bronx, comedian (2000 Year Old Man, Dick Van Dyke Show)
1922Doug Barnard Jr, (Rep-D-GA, 1977- )
1922Jack Kruschen, Winnipeg Canada, actor (Papa-Webster, Busting Loose)
1922Larry Elgart, New Haven Ct, bandleader/alto sax (Elgart Orch)
1922Ray Goulding, Lowell Mass, comedian (Bob & Ray)
1923Marc Saporta, French writer/essayist (Le Grand Défi)
1925James Pickles, judge
1925John D Erlichman, Politician (Nixon aide, Watergate)
1926Ted Bessell, Flushing NY, actor (Don-That Girl, Frankie-Gomer Pyle)
1927John Pierre Herman Joubert, composer (Chamber Music for brass quintet)
1928Anthony Blond, British publisher (The Publishing Game, Book Book)
1928Christopher Benstead, race horse trainer
1928Fred Rogers, Latrobe PA, children TV host (Mr Rogers' Neighborhood)
1928Hans Kng, Swiss religious theologist
1928Jerome Cousins Biffle, Denver Co, long jumper (Olympic-gold-1952)
1930Michel Magne, composer
1931Antonio Tauriello, composer
1931David Montgomery, chairman (British Forestry Commission)
1931Hal Linden, [Harold Lipshitz], actor (Barney Miller, Blacke's Magic)
1931John Rae, British educator (Conscience & Politics)
1932Tod Dockstader, composer
1933David James Moore, educationalist
1933Jacquez Guyonnet, composer
1934Eric Hebborn, artist/faker
1934Marion Conti, arch bishop (Aberdeen England)
1937Elizabeth Gille, writer translator/editor
1937Helmut Recknagel, Germany, 90m ski jump (Olympic-gold-1960)
1937Jerry Reed, Atlanta GA, singer/actor (Bat 21, Smokey & the Bandit)
1937Joe Rivers, rocker (Johnnie & Joe)
1937Mark Saville, QC, British high court judge
1938Frans J van der Heijden, Dutch journal/Dutch MP (CDA)
1939Brian Mulroney, (P-C) 18th PM of Canada (1984-93)
1939Earl of Seafield, [Ginger], English large landowner
1940Mickey Preger, horse trainer
1941Carlos Lopez, jockey
1945Larry Combest, (Rep-R-TX, 1985- )
1945Pat Riley, Schenectady NY, NBA coach (Lakers, Knicks, Heat)
1945Tim Yeo, British MP/under-sect (State of Environment)
1946Ranger Doug, [Douglas Green], Ill, singer (Riders in Sky-Cowboy Way)
1947Carl Palmer, drummer (Asia-Heat of the Moment, Emerson Lake & Palmer)
1947John Eastburn Boswell, medievalist
1948Bobby Orr, Parry Sound, Ontario, HOF NHL defenseman (Boston Bruins)
1948John de Lancie, actor (Q-Star Trek Next Gen, Days of our Lives)
1948Pamela Sargent, US, sci-fi author (Venus of Dreams, Cloned Lives)
1950William Hurt, Wash DC, actor (Big Chill, Children of a Lesser God)
1951Guy Perry, rock guitarist/vocalist (Motels-Only the Lonely)
1951Jimmie Vaughan, guitarist (Fabulous Thunderbirds)
1951John Wetton, rocker (Asia)
1951Madan Lal, cricketer (Indian medium pacer in the 70's)
1951Tanya Boyd, Detroit Mich, actress (Celeste-Days of our Life)
1952Anand Armitraj, India, tennis player (Brother of ViJay)
1954Charlie Simmer, Ontario, NHL left winger (LA Kings)
1954Jim Seales, Hamilton Ala, singer (Shenandoah-Sunday in the South)
1956Phillip Oppenhein, British MP
1957Spike Lee, Atlanta, dir (Mo Better Blues, Jungle Fever, Malcolm X)
1957Theresa Russell, [Paup], SD Calif, actress (Black Widow, Razor's Edge)
1958Holly Hunter, Atlanta Georgia, actress (Broadcast News, Roe vs Wade)
1958Rickey Jackson, NFL defensive end (SF 49ers)
1959Dale Reid, Ladybank Scotland, LPGA golfer (European Solheim Cup team)
1959Richard Drummie, rocker (Go West-Call Me, Don't Look Down)
1961John Clark Gable, LA Calif, actor (Bad Jim)
1961Kathy Guadagnino, Albany NY, LPGA golfer (1985 US Women's Open)
1961Slim Jim Phantom, [Jim Mcdonnell], rock drummer (Stray Cats)
1963Paul Annacone, Southampton NY, tennis star
1963Paul Mirkovich, rock keyboardist (Nelson-Love & Affection)
1963Ramon Andersson, Middle Swan Australia, canoeist (Olympics-br-92, 96)
1964Ruth Davidon, Balt MD, rower (Olympics-6th-96)
1965Chris Hoiles, Bowling Green OH, catcher (Baltimore Orioles)
1965Danielle Woodward, Melbourne VIC Australia, canoeist (Olympics-96)
1966Blas Minor, Merced CA, pitcher (Seattle Mariners)
1966Giulio Caravatta, CFL quarterback (BC Lions)
1967Bryan Genesse, actor, (Rocco-Bold & Beautiful, Grady-Street Justice)
1967Dana Rinehart Dalton, Orlando Florida, Miss Florida-America (1991)
1967Mookie Blaylock, NBA guard (Atlanta Hawks)
1967Randy Gullatt, horse trainer
1968Eric Viscaal, Dutch soccer star (PSV/AA Gent)
1968Jurgen Rumrich, Miesbach GER, hockey forward (Team Germany 1998)
1968Sheree Megan Higgins, Matamata NZ, golfer (1991 Bridgestone)
1969Caroline Brunet, Quebec City Quebec, kayaker (Olympics-silver-96)
1969Konstantine Starikovitch, Podolsk Rus, 238lbs US weightlift (Oly-96)
1969Paul Atkinson, jockey
1969Sharon Manning, WNBA center/forward (Charlotte Sting)
1969Thang Thanh Nguyen, Soc Trang Vietnam, murderer (FBI Most Wanted)
1970Kristin Klein, Santa Monica Calif, volleyball outside hitter (Oly-96)
1970Ralph Dawkins, NFL running back (NO Saints)
1970Ron George, NFL linebacker (Atlanta Falcons)
1970Todd Burger, NFL guard (Chic Bears)
1971Janis Kelly, Winnipeg Manitoba, volleyball player (Olympics-96)
1971Manny Alexander, Dominican Republic, infielder (Baltimore Orioles)
1972Ajah Wilson-Ogechukwu, soccer player (Roda JC)
1973Jane March, Edgeware England, actress (Lover)
1973Nico Boje, cricketer (South African ODI left-arm spinner 1996)
1973Norman Tome, Australian soccer striker (Olyroos, Olympics-96)
1974P J Bogart, NYC, diver (Olympics-96)
1975Brian Buetsch, Rockford Ill, figure skater (1997 Great Lakes Sr champ)
1976Arno Knapen, Dutch soccer player (Holten, FC Twente)
1997? Hefner, mother of Hugh Hefner (playboy), dies at 101

Deaths for yesterday in history Events  Birthdays
0842Alfonso II the Chaste, king of Asturia (791-842), dies
1191Clement III, [Paolo Scolari], Pope (1187-91, 3rd crusades), dies
1351Mohammed ibn-Tughluq, sultan of Delhi India, dies
1393Johannes Nepomucenus, [Jan Nepomucky], Czech saint, killed
1415Henry IV Bolingbroke, King of England (1399-1413), dies at 45
1501Jean Carondelet, lawyer/chancellor of Burgundy (1480-96), dies at 72
1531Sicke Freerks/Frericx, [Cutter], Dutch anabaptist, beheaded
1549Thomas Seymour of Sudely, English Lord Admiral, beheaded
1568Albrecht von Hohenzollern, 1st duke of Prussia, dies at 77
1617Franciscus Aguilon, physicist/theologist/mathematician, dies at 50
1619Matthias II, Holy Roman Catholic emperor (1611-19), dies
1646Matthew Vossius, historian (Annales Holland Zelandiaeque), dies at 35
1703Johann Kunckel/Kunkel, German alchemist/ambassador to Sweden, dies
1727Issac Newton, English physicist/astronomer, dies in London at 84
1751Frederick Louis, English prince of Wales/son of George I, dies
1757Johann Paul Kunzen, composer, dies at 60
1767Firmin Abauzit, French huguenot/scholar, dies at 87
1804Ignaz Malzat, composer, dies at 47
1812Jan Ladislav Dussek, Bohemian pianist/composer, dies at 52
1848Abraham des Amorie van der Hoeven, Dutch theologist/poet, dies at 27
1866Rikard Nordraak, composer, dies at 23
1871Antonio Buzzolla, composer, dies at 56
1873Adolfe Louis Eugene Fetis, composer, dies at 52
1874Hans Christian Lumbye, composer, dies at 63
1887Pavel Annenkov, Russian literature historian, dies at 73
1892Arthor Goring Thomas, composer, dies at 41
1894Lajos Kossuth, Hungarian freedom fighter/president (1849), dies at 91
1898Luis Palés Matos, Puerto Rican poet (Tunt£n the paso y grifería), dies
1899Martha M Place, of Bkln, becomes 1st woman to die by electrocution
1910Félix Tournachon, [Nadar], French writer/photographer, dies at 89
1911Jean-Theodore Radoux, composer, dies at 75
1913Christian Barnekow, composer, dies at 75
1913Song Jiao-ren, leader Chinese Guomindang-Party, dies
1920Venustiano Carranza, president Mexico (1915-20), murdered at 60
1925George N Curzon, British Foreign minister (1919-22), dies at 66
1929Ferdinand Foch, Marshal of France (WW I), dies at 77
1933Giuseppe [Joe] Zangara, electrocuted for assassination attempt on FDR
1934A Emma W T von Waldeck-Pyrmont, Dutch queen (& regent), dies at 76
1936Durant Clifford Parkin, cricketer (Tests for S Afr 1891-92), dies
1941D A van den Bosch, anti-nazi clergyman (Amersfoort Camp), dies
1942Theodoro Valcarcel, composer, dies at 41
1944Felix Woyrsch, composer, dies at 83
1950Walter Eucken, German economist, dies at 59
1951Jan Ingenhoven, composer, dies at 74
1951Kathleen Lockhart Manning, composer, dies at 60
1953Graciliano Ramos, Brazilian author (Vidas Secas), dies at 60
1962Andrew E Douglass, Dendrochronologer (Study of Tree Rings), dies
1962C Wright Mills, US sociologist (Power Elite), dies at 45
1963Karl Otten, writer, dies at 73
1964Jean Rogister, composer, dies at 84
1964Brendan Behan, Irish writer/poet, dies at 41
1967A J F Moody, 1st US Army General to die in Vietnam
1968Carl T Dreyer, Danish director (Passion of Jeanne d'Arc), dies
1972Aad de Haas, Dutch religious painter/graphic artist, dies at 51
1972Jan Engelman, Dutch poet/art critic (At the Front), dies at 71
1972Marilyn Maxwell, actress (Grace-Bus Stop), dies at 50
1974Chet Huntley, newscaster (NBC Huntley-Brinkley Report), dies at 62
1974[Lavinia] Marian Fleming Poe, Black US advocate in Virg, dies at 83
1976Michael Goodliffe, actor (Gorgon, 7th Dawn, Way Out), dies at 61
1982Hendrik L van Beek, Dutch vice-admiral, dies at 52
1987Norman Harris, guitarist (O'Jays), dies at 39 of heart failure
1988Gil Evans, Canadian/US jazz composer (Out of the Cool), dies at 75
1990Jannetje Visser-Roosendaal, Dutch writer, dies at 90
1990Jev Jasjin, Russian soccer goalie, dies at 60
1991Conor Clapton, Eric Clapton's son, falls out of 53rd floor window at 5
1992Avonne Taylor, actress (My Best Girl, Honor Among Lovers), dies at 93
1992Frank Westbrook, dancer/choreographer, dies at 82
1992Georges Delerue, French composer (Hiroshima, My Love), dies at 67
1993Jonathan Ball, English youngster, killed by IRA at 3
1993Claudia Yeltsin, mother of Russian president Yeltsin, dies at 85
1995Merv Harvey, cricketer (scored 12 & 31 in Test Aus v Eng 46-47), dies
1995Rachida Hammadi, Algerian TV journalist, murdered at 32
1995Sidney Kingslei, playwright, dies at 88
1995Sidney Kingsley, US playwright (Pulitzer prize 1934), dies at 88
1996Alan Ridout, composer, dies at 61
1996Claude Bourdet, human rights activist/journalist, dies at 86
1996Victor Zorza, journalist/Russian specialist, dies at 71
1997Carlo Fassi, figure skating coach (Fleming, Hamill), dies at 67

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Original script written & produced by RGA
Archives by Bruce T. Goldman